PYRAMIDS GIZA - WORLD HERITAGE SITES - A TO Z

 

  MEMPHIS NECROPOLIS, SITE OF THE GREAT PYRAMIDS & SPHINX, PHARAOH DJOSER, KHUFU

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The Great Pyramids at Giza, Memphis Necropolis, Egypt

 

 

 

 

 

Amongst the pyramid complex may be found the pyramids of Pharaohs Khufu, Khafre and Menkaure. The largest pyramid in Giza – and the world – belongs to the second king of the Fourth Dynasty, Khufu or “Cheops”.

Khufu’s pyramid is Giza’s oldest and, at its great size of 145 metres, became known as “The Great Pyramid”. Khufu’s pyramid was once the tallest structure in the world, as well as being one of the Seven Wonders of the World.

The second largest pyramid in Giza belongs to Khufu’s son and fourth king of the Fourth Dynasty, Khafre (or Khephren). The elevation on which Khafre’s pyramid is built is deceptive however, making it appear larger that his father’s.

The smallest of these three kings’ pyramids belongs to the sixth king of the Fourth Dynasty, Menkaure and is one-tenth the size of Khafre’s. See the table below.

The Fourth Dynasty of Egypt ruled during a period known as the Old Kingdom, lasting between 2686 BC and 2181 BC. It was Egypt’s first great era of civilisation, and Pharaohs used the construction of pyramids such as those at Giza to exert their power, or sometimes as great tombs to hold their mummified bodies after death. The Egyptians believing in the afterlife.

 

As the wealth of Egypt waned, from reduced agricultural yield, the pyramids became progressively smaller.

 

 

TALLEST PYRAMIDS - TOP TEN

 

 

No.

HEIGHT

PHARAOH

LOCATION

NAME OF PYRAMID

DYNASTY

... ... ... ... ...

1.

146.60

Khufu

Giza

The Great Pyramid

4th

2.

143.50

Khafre

Giza

Khafre's Pyramid

4th

3.

105.00

Sneferu

Dashur

Bent Pyramid (false)

4th

4.

105.00

Sneferu

Dashur

The Red Pyramid

4th

5.

 78.00

Senusret III

Dashur

Pyramid of Senusret III

12th

6.

 75.00

Amenemhat III

Dashur

Pyramid of Amenemhat III

12th

7.

 73.30

Userkaf

Saqqara

Pyramid of Userkaf

5th

8.

 66.50

Menkaure

Giza

Menkaure's Pyramid

4th

9.

 62.00

Djoser

Saqqara

Djoser Pyramid (step)

3rd

10.

 61.25

Senuset I

Lisht 

Senuset I Pyramid

12th

 

 

 

ACROPOLIS - ATHENS, ANCIENT GREEKS, PARTHENON, TEMPLE ATHENA NIKE

ANGKOR WAT - HINDU BUDDHIST TEMPLE RELIGIOUS COMPLEX, CAMBODIA

CHICHEN ITZA - ANCIENT MAYAN CITY, YUCATAN PENINSULA, MEXICO

COLOSSEUM - ROMAN HISTORIC CITY CENTRE, ROME, PANTHEON, ITALY

EASTER ISLAND - RAPA NUI, POLYNESIAN HEAD STATUES, PACIFIC OCEAN

GREAT WALL OF CHINA - 3RD CENTURY BC EMPEROR QIN SHI HUANG & MING DYNASTY

MACHU PICCHU - PYRAMID, PERU, INCAN LOST CITY, ANDES

PETRA - TREASURY, AL-KHAZNEH, SIQ GORGE, NABATAEANS, SOUTHERN JORDAN

PYRAMIDS - GREAT SPHINX, MEMPHIS NECROPOLIS, GIZA, EGYPT

TAJ MAHAL - MAUSOLEUM BUILT BY SHAH JAHAN, AGRA, INDIA

 

 

 

 

 

A World Heritage Site is a landmark or area with legal protection by an international convention administered by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). World Heritage Sites are designated by UNESCO for having cultural, historical, scientific or other form of significance. The sites are judged to contain "cultural and natural heritage around the world considered to be of outstanding value to humanity".

 

 

 

 

 



 OBJECTIVES & POSITIVES

Being listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site can positively affect the site, its environment, and interactions between them. A listed site gains international recognition and legal protection, and can obtain funds from among others the World Heritage Fund to facilitate its conservation under certain conditions. 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CONTACTS


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LINKS & REFERENCE

 

http://www.unesco.org

https://ioc.unesco.org/

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https://ioc.unesco.org/

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A FULLER UNDERSTANDING OF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT - Due to the pace of development, sometimes significant gaps exist in the records, as to how man leapfrogged from coal fires, to steam, to electricity, computers and finally the renewable energy age, to combat climate change.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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