YEARS OF INACTION - Many wars have been waged over mineral rights and control of oil flow, used to power our
engine vehicles. Imagine a world where free energy form nature
powers our vehicles, and every country has their own electricity supply,
independent of fossil
fuel imports. Energy security is a big step towards world peace. By
way of example, SmartNet™
service stations might supply hydrogen for heavy goods vehicles, and electricity
to rapid charge conventional battery vehicles. They also act as grid
load-levelers for changeable wind and solar renewables. This kind of
technology could free us from carcinogens
in cities and reduces global
warming. If we are to supply trucks and cars with energy, we need
around 600,000 smart service stations globally before 2050, meaning mass
are necessary to reach such goal economically. At 2019 end, 470 hydrogen
stations were operating worldwide, 1/1200th of what is required.
were to pool resources, to accelerate climate cooling technology, we may
stand a chance of meeting the 1.5 degree temperature rise threshold, and
even begin to get back to some kind of sustainable level.
change threatens to destabilize the economics of planet earth, such that
all the theoretical protections afforded by Copyright, Patents, and
Trademarks will come to naught. Food security and energy for our homes
and transport systems is far more important, where we have already annihilated
thousands of species, created deserts of arable land and are in the
process of melting our ice caps.
plastic in our oceans is making toxin laden fish inedible, and with
under pressure to feed a growing
population, it is likely that there
will be food shortages, leading to global conflict and potentially
cannibalism as a last resort. Humans represent one of the most
prolific protein sources on the planet, if looked at as livestock.
- World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)
Convention Establishing the World Intellectual Property Organization
(Signed at Stockholm on July 14, 1967 and
as amended on September 28, 1979)
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Article 1: Establishment of the Organization
Article 2: Definitions
Article 3: Objectives of the Organization
Article 4: Functions
Article 5: Membership
Article 6: General Assembly
Article 7: Conference
Article 8: Coordination Committee
Article 9: International Bureau
Article 10: Headquarters
Article 11: Finances
Article 12: Legal Capacity; Privileges and Immunities
Article 13: Relations with Other Organizations
Article 14: Becoming Party to the Convention
Article 15: Entry into Force of the Convention
Article 16: Reservations
Article 17: Amendments
Article 18: Denunciation
Article 19: Notifications
Article 20: Final Provisions
Article 21: Transitional Provisions
Article 5 -
Article 6 -
(a) There shall be a General Assembly consisting of the States party to this Convention which are members of any of the Unions.
(b) The Government of each State shall be represented by one delegate, who may be assisted by alternate delegates, advisors, and experts.
(c) The expenses of each delegation shall be borne by the Government which has appointed it.
(2) The General Assembly shall:
(i) appoint the Director General upon nomination by the Coordination Committee;
(ii) review and approve reports of the Director General concerning the Organization and give him all necessary instructions;
(iii) review and approve the reports and activities of the Coordination Committee and give instructions to such Committee;
(iv) adopt the biennial budget of expenses common to the Unions;
(v) approve the measures proposed by the Director General concerning the administration of the international agreements referred to in Article 4(iii);
(vi) adopt the financial regulations of the Organization;
(vii) determine the working languages of the Secretariat, taking into consideration the practice of the United Nations;
(viii) invite States referred to under Article 5(2)(ii) to become party to this Convention;
(ix) determine which States not Members of the Organization and which intergovernmental and international non-governmental organizations shall be admitted to its meetings as observers;
(x) exercise such other functions as are appropriate under this Convention.
(a) Each State, whether member of one or more Unions, shall have one vote in the General Assembly.
(b) One-half of the States members of the General Assembly shall constitute a quorum.
(c) Notwithstanding the provisions of subparagraph (b), if, in any session, the number of States represented is less than one-half but equal to or more than one-third of the States members of the General Assembly, the General Assembly may make decisions but, with the exception of decisions concerning its own procedure, all such decisions shall take effect only if the following conditions are fulfilled. The International Bureau shall communicate the said decisions to the States members of the General Assembly which were not represented and shall invite them to express in writing their vote or abstention within a period of three months from the date of the communication. If, at the expiration of this period, the number of States having thus expressed their vote or abstention attains the number of States which was lacking for attaining the quorum in the session itself, such decisions shall take effect provided that at the same time the required majority still obtains.
(d) Subject to the provisions of subparagraphs (e) and (f), the General Assembly shall make its decisions by a majority of two-thirds of the votes cast.
(e) The approval of measures concerning the administration of international agreements referred to in Article 4(iii) shall require a majority of three-fourths of the votes cast.
(f) The approval of an agreement with the United Nations under Articles 57 and 63 of the Charter of the United Nations shall require a majority of nine-tenths of the votes cast.
(g) For the appointment of the Director General (paragraph (2)(i)), the approval of measures proposed by the Director General concerning the administration of international agreements (paragraph (2)(v)), and the transfer of headquarters (Article 10), the required majority must be attained not only in the General Assembly but also in the Assembly of the Paris Union and the Assembly of the Berne Union.
(h) Abstentions shall not be considered as votes.
(i) A delegate may represent, and vote in the name of, one State only.
(a) The General Assembly shall meet once in every second calendar year in ordinary session, upon convocation by the Director General.
(b) The General Assembly shall meet in extraordinary session upon convocation by the Director General either at the request of the Coordination Committee or at the request of one-fourth of the States members of the General Assembly.
(c) Meetings shall be held at the headquarters of the Organization.
(5) States party to this Convention which are not members of any of the Unions shall be admitted to the meetings of the General Assembly as observers.
(6) The General Assembly shall adopt its own rules of procedure.
Article 7 -
NEW CONTRIBUTION SYSTEM
The Governing Bodies of WIPO and the Unions administered by WIPO adopted with effect from January 1, 1994, a new contribution system that replaces the contribution system set forth in Article 11(4)(a), (b) and (c) of the WIPO Convention, Article 16(4)(a), (b) and (c) of the Paris Convention, Article 25(4)(a), (b) and (c) of the
Berne Convention and the corresponding provisions of the Strasbourg (IPC), Nice, Locarno and Vienna Agreements. Details concerning that system may be obtained from the International Bureau of
The Governing Bodies of WIPO and the Unions administered by WIPO adopted from January 1, 1994, a new contribution system that replaces the contribution system set forth in Article 11(4)(a), (b) and (c) of the Convention Establishing the World Intellectual Property Organization. Details concerning that system may be obtained from the International Bureau of WIPO.
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