YEARS OF INACTION - Many wars have been waged over mineral rights and control of oil flow, used to power our
engine vehicles. Imagine a world where free energy form nature
powers our vehicles, and every country has their own electricity supply,
independent of fossil
fuel imports. Energy security is a big step towards world peace. By
way of example, SmartNet™
service stations might supply hydrogen for heavy goods vehicles, and electricity
to rapid charge conventional battery vehicles. They also act as grid
load-levelers for changeable wind and
solar renewables. This kind of
technology could free us from carcinogens
in cities and reduces global
warming. If we are to supply trucks and cars with energy, we need
around 600,000 smart service stations globally before 2050, meaning mass
are necessary to reach such goal economically. At 2019 end, 470 hydrogen
stations were operating worldwide, 1/1200th of what is required.
were to pool resources, to accelerate climate cooling technology, we may
stand a chance of meeting the 1.5 degree temperature rise threshold, and
even begin to get back to some kind of sustainable level. But that is
looking highly unlikely due to the inability of larger organizations to
change threatens to destabilize the economics of planet
earth, such that
all the theoretical protections afforded by Copyright,
Trademarks will come to naught. Food security and
energy for our
and transport systems is far more important, where
we have already
thousands of species, created deserts of arable land and are in the
process of melting our ice
plastic in our oceans is making
toxin laden fish inedible, and with
under pressure to feed a growing
population, it is likely that there
will be food
shortages, leading to global conflict and potentially
cannibalism as a last resort, where desertification
is eating up land for crops and grazing animals - and is at the moment unstoppable.
Humans represent one of the most
prolific protein sources on the planet, if looked at as livestock.
Culling should enable the earth to recover eventually and reach a
natural equilibrium, with lessons learned for our great grandchildren's
survivors. But should we let it even approach that stage?
World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)
Convention Establishing the World Intellectual Property Organization
(Signed at Stockholm on July 14, 1967 and
as amended on September 28, 1979)
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Article 1: Establishment of the Organization
Article 2: Definitions
Article 3: Objectives of the Organization
Article 4: Functions
Article 5: Membership
Article 6: General Assembly
Article 7: Conference
Article 8: Coordination Committee
Article 9: International Bureau
Article 10: Headquarters
Article 11: Finances
Article 12: Legal Capacity; Privileges and Immunities
Article 13: Relations with Other Organizations
Article 14: Becoming Party to the Convention
Article 15: Entry into Force of the Convention
Article 16: Reservations
Article 17: Amendments
Article 18: Denunciation
Article 19: Notifications
Article 20: Final Provisions
Article 21: Transitional Provisions
Article 7 -
Article 8 -
(a) There shall be a Coordination Committee consisting of the States party to this Convention which are members of the Executive Committee of the Paris Union, or the Executive Committee of the Berne Union, or both. However, if either of these Executive Committees is composed of more than one-fourth of the number of the countries members of the Assembly which elected it, then such Executive Committee shall designate from among its members the States which will be members of the Coordination Committee, in such a way that their number shall not exceed the one-fourth referred to above, it being understood that the country on the territory of which the Organization has its headquarters shall not be included in the computation of the said one-fourth.
(b) The Government of each State member of the Coordination Committee shall be represented by one delegate, who may be assisted by alternate delegates, advisors, and experts.
(c) Whenever the Coordination Committee considers either matters of direct interest to the program or budget of the Conference and its agenda, or proposals for the amendment of this Convention which would affect the rights or obligations of States party to this Convention not members of any of the Unions, one-fourth of such States shall participate in the meetings of the Coordination Committee with the same rights as members of that Committee. The Conference shall, at each of its ordinary sessions, designate these States.
(d) The expenses of each delegation shall be borne by the Government which has appointed it.
(2) If the other Unions administered by the Organization wish to be represented as such in the Coordination Committee, their representatives must be appointed from among the States members of the Coordination Committee.
(3) The Coordination Committee shall:
(i) give advice to the organs of the Unions, the General Assembly, the Conference, and the Director General, on all administrative, financial and other matters of common interest either to two or more of the Unions, or to one or more of the Unions and the Organization, and in particular on the budget of expenses common to the Unions;
(ii) prepare the draft agenda of the General Assembly;
(iii) prepare the draft agenda and the draft program and budget of the Conference;
(v) when the term of office of the Director General is about to expire, or when there is a vacancy in the post of the Director General, nominate a candidate for appointment to such position by the General Assembly; if the General Assembly does not appoint its nominee, the Coordination Committee shall nominate another candidate; this procedure shall be repeated until the latest nominee is appointed by the General Assembly;
(vi) if the post of the Director General becomes vacant between two sessions of the General Assembly, appoint an Acting Director General for the term preceding the assuming of office by the new Director General;
(vii) perform such other functions as are allocated to it under this Convention.
(a) The Coordination Committee shall meet once every year in ordinary session, upon convocation by the Director General. It shall normally meet at the headquarters of the Organization.
(b) The Coordination Committee shall meet in extraordinary session, upon convocation by the Director General, either on his own initiative, or at the request of its Chairman or one-fourth of its members.
(a) Each State whether a member of one or both of the Executive Committees referred to in paragraph (1)(a), shall have one vote in the Coordination Committee.
(b) One-half of the members of the Coordination Committee shall constitute a quorum.
(c) A delegate may represent, and vote in the name of, one State only.
(a) The Coordination Committee shall express its opinions and make its decisions by a simple majority of the votes cast. Abstentions shall not be considered as votes.
(b) Even if a simple majority is obtained, any member of the Coordination Committee may, immediately after the vote, request that the votes be the subject of a special recount in the following manner: two separate lists shall be prepared, one containing the names of the States members of the Executive Committee of the Paris Union and the other the names of the States members of the Executive Committee of the Berne Union; the vote of each State shall be inscribed opposite its name in each list in which it appears. Should this special recount indicate that a simple majority has not been obtained in each of those lists, the proposal shall not be considered as carried.
(7) Any State Member of the Organization which is not a member of the Coordination Committee may be represented at the meetings of the Committee by observers having the right to take part in the debates but without the right to vote.
(8) The Coordination Committee shall establish its own rules of procedure.
Article 9 -
International Bureau >>>
NEW CONTRIBUTION SYSTEM
The Governing Bodies of WIPO and the Unions administered by WIPO adopted with effect from January 1, 1994, a new contribution system that replaces the contribution system set forth in Article 11(4)(a), (b) and (c) of the WIPO Convention, Article 16(4)(a), (b) and (c) of the Paris Convention, Article 25(4)(a), (b) and (c) of the
Berne Convention and the corresponding provisions of the Strasbourg (IPC), Nice, Locarno and Vienna Agreements. Details concerning that system may be obtained from the International Bureau of WIPO.
The Governing Bodies of WIPO and the Unions administered by WIPO adopted from January 1, 1994, a new contribution system that replaces the contribution system set forth in Article 11(4)(a), (b) and (c) of the Convention Establishing the World Intellectual Property Organization. Details concerning that system may be obtained from the International Bureau of WIPO.
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